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Diamond v. City of Mobile

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

November 19, 2019

COREY L. DIAMOND, Plaintiff,
v.
CITY OF MOBILE, ALABAMA, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          P. BRADLEY MURRAY, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         This action is before the Court on Plaintiff's pro se complaint (Doc. 1) and motion to proceed without prepayment of fees and costs (Doc. 2). This matter has been referred to the undersigned for pretrial disposition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and General Local Rule 72(a)(2)(S). Because Diamond has requested leave to proceed without prepayment of costs and fees (Doc. 2), this Court has the obligation to undertake a review of his complaint pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e). That statute instructs courts to dismiss any action when it is determined that an in forma pauperis applicant's suit is “frivolous or malicious, ” “fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, ” or “seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). Upon consideration of the pleadings, it is recommended that this action be DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE, prior to service of process, because Plaintiff's claim against the City of Mobile, Alabama (hereinafter “the City”) is time-barred.[1]

         PLAINTIFF'S ALLEGATIONS

         On October 28, 2019, the Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, filed a form complaint for violation of civil rights against the City wherein he seeks significant damages for events that allegedly occurred at the Mobile courthouse. (Doc. 1 at pp. 4-5). Although Plaintiff does not clearly state the basis for his legal claim, he has filed his complaint on a form used for filing claims based on violations of civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983; therefore, the Court is analyzing this complaint under that statute. Plaintiff alleges that Judge Herman Thomas tried to paddle him and told him to pull his pants down, but he said no. (Id.). He further alleges that, two weeks later, he got caught by the Mobile Sheriff's Department with a drug. (Id.). His additional allegations and claims against the City are unclear; however, what is clear is that, although Plaintiff claims that he does not know the date of the events giving rise to his claim, the events had to have occurred more than two years prior to the filing of his complaint. This Court can take judicial notice of the fact that former Mobile County Circuit Court Judge Herman Thomas resigned his position amid allegations similar to those advanced by Plaintiff in October of 2007. See, e.g., Alabama: Judge Resigns in Midst of Inquiry, N.Y. Times, Oct. 3, 2007, at A21.

         DISCUSSION

         Upon liberally construing Diamond's sparse complaint, as must be done, [2] the Court finds, based in large part on Plaintiff filing his complaint on a form used for asserting violations of civil rights, that Plaintiff is attempting to bring a claim against the City pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Section 1983 provides, in relevant part, as follows:

Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress . . . .

Id. It is well established that the statute of limitations that applies to § 1983 actions filed in federal court in Alabama is two years. See McNair v. Allen, 515 F.3d 1168, 1173 (11th Cir. 2008); Burt v. Martin, 193 Fed.Appx. 829, 830 (11th Cir. 2006); Byrd v. City of Daphne, No. CA 11-0468-CG-C, 2012 WL 1036058, at *4 (S.D. Ala. Mar. 9, 2012). In his complaint, Plaintiff complains of events that had to have occurred prior to or in or about 2007, approximately twelve years prior to the filing of his complaint; therefore, any claim asserted under § 1983 is time-barred. The Court further notes that, even if Plaintiff's complaint is based on a different cause of action, for example, assault, the action would be barred by the statute of limitations based on the fact that his claim arises out of actions that had to have occurred at least twelve years ago. Accordingly, Plaintiff's claim is long time-barred, and therefore, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.[3]

         In light of the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff's complaint in this action is insufficient to survive the review required under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) and recommends that it be dismissed with prejudice prior to service of process.

         CONCLUSION

         Based upon the foregoing, it is RECOMMENDED that this action be DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE, prior to service of process, in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), because Plaintiff's Complaint is barred by the applicable statute of limitations.

         NOTICE OF RIGHT TO FILE OBJECTIONS

         A copy of this report and recommendation shall be served on all parties in the manner provided by law. Any party who objects to this recommendation or anything in it must, within fourteen (14) days of the date of service of this document, file specific written objections with the Clerk of this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); S.D. Ala. GenLR 72(c)(1) & (2). The parties should note that under Eleventh Circuit Rule 3-1, “[a] party failing to object to a magistrate judge's findings or recommendations contained in a report and recommendation in accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) waives the right to challenge on appeal the district court's order based on unobjected-to factual and legal conclusions if the party was informed of the time period for objecting and the consequences on appeal for failing to object. In the absence of a proper objection, however, the court may review on appeal for plain error, if necessary in the interests of justice.” 11th Cir. R. 3-1. In order to be specific, an objection must identify the specific finding or recommendation to which ...


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