JACKSON COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES.
Appeals from Jackson Juvenile Court (JU-09-274.05 and
[Copyrighted Material Omitted]
Edmiston of Edmiston Law Office, Scottsboro, for appellant.
Marshall, atty. gen., and Felicia M. Brooks, chief legal
counsel, and Karen P. Phillips, asst. atty. gen., Department
of Human Resources, for appellee.
appeal number 2180312, S.J. ("the mother") appeals
from a judgment entered by the Jackson Juvenile Court
("the juvenile court"), in case number
JU-09-274.05, terminating her parental rights to M.F., whose
date of birth is November 25, 2001. In appeal number 2180313,
the mother appeals from a separate, but almost identical,
judgment entered by the juvenile court, in case number
JU-14-91.03, terminating her parental rights to L.F., whose
date of birth is July 13, 2011. We affirm the juvenile
November 3, 2017, the Jackson County Department of Human
Resources ("DHR") filed separate petitions to
terminate the parental rights of the mother to M.F. and L.F.
("the children"). After a trial on November
27, 2018, the juvenile court entered separate judgments on
December 27, 2018, terminating the mother's parental
rights to the children. On January 9, 2019, the mother filed
a single notice of appeal, referencing both case number
JU-09-274.05 and case number JU-14-91.03.
judgment terminating parental rights must be supported by
clear and convincing evidence, which is
"`"[e]vidence that, when weighed against evidence
in opposition, will produce in the mind of the trier of fact
a firm conviction as to each essential element of the claim
and a high probability as to the correctness of the
C.O. v. Jefferson Cty. Dep't of Human Res., 206
So.3d 621, 627 (Ala.Civ.App. 2016) (quoting L.M. v.
D.D.F., 840 So.2d 171, 179 (Ala.Civ.App. 2002), quoting
in turn Ala. Code 1975, § 6-11-20(b)(4)).
"`[T]he evidence necessary for appellate affirmance of
a judgment based on a factual finding in the context of a
case in which the ultimate standard for a factual decision
by the trial court is clear and convincing evidence is
evidence that a fact-finder reasonably could find to
clearly and convincingly... establish the fact sought to be
"KGS Steel[, Inc. v. McInish,] 47 So.3d 
at 761 [(Ala.Civ.App. 2006)].
"... [F]or trial courts ruling on motions for a
summary judgment in civil cases to which a
clear-and-convincing-evidence standard of proof applies,
`the judge must view the evidence presented through the
prism of the substantive evidentiary burden[,]'
[Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc.,477 U.S. 242,
254, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986)]; thus, the
appellate court must also look through a prism to determine
whether there was substantial evidence before the trial
court to support a factual finding, based upon the trial