Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Stokes v. United States

United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Eastern Division

September 6, 2019

BRADLEY WAYNE STOKES, Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.

          RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          STEPHEN M. DOYLE, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         I. INTRODUCTION

         Before the court is petitioner Bradley Wayne Stokes's pro se motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence by a person in federal custody. Doc. No. 1. In June 2009, Stokes pled guilty to several federal firearm offenses, including three counts of violating 18 U.S.C. § 922(g), which prohibits possession of a firearm by a convicted felon. See No. 3:08-cr-189-MHT. On June 10, 2010, the district court sentenced Stokes to 200 months in prison.[1] Stokes took no direct appeal. He later filed an initial motion under 28. U.S.C. § 2255, and it was denied on October 14, 2014. See Civil Action No. 3:12cv925-MHT.

         Stokes has now filed the present § 2255 motion challenging his convictions for possessing a firearm as a convicted felon, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g). He appears to argue that his § 922(g) convictions should be vacated based on a “new rule of law” announced in Rehaif v. United States, 139 S.Ct. 2191 (2019), which requires that the government prove that a defendant knowingly violated each material element of § 922(g). See Doc. No. 1 at 4. Stokes maintains that the holding in Rehaif has been made retroactive to cases on collateral review.[2] Id. Stokes also argues that his sentence should be reduced based on his post-sentencing rehabilitative measures. Doc. No. 1 at 5. For the reasons that follow, Stokes's motion is due to be dismissed as a successive § 2255 motion filed without the required appellate court authorization.

         II. DISCUSSION

         Stokes has filed a previous § 2255 motion challenging his § 922(g) convictions. He filed his first § 2255 motion in October 2012. See Civil Action No. 3:12-cv-925-MHT (Doc. No. 1). On October 14, 2014, this court denied Stokes's § 2255 motion and dismissed the action with prejudice on grounds that the motion was time-barred under the one-year limitation period in 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f).[3] Id. (Doc. Nos. 10, 11 & 12 [Recommendation of Magistrate Judge; Opinion Adopting Recommendation; and Final Judgment]).

         The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (“AEDPA”) provides that, to file a second or successive § 2255 motion in the district court, the movant must first move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the motion. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). The appellate court, in turn, must certify that the second or successive § 2255 motion contains “(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have found the movant guilty of the offense; or (2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.” See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).

         “The bar on second or successive [§ 2255] motions is jurisdictional.” In re Morgan, 717 F.3d 1186, 1193 (11th Cir. 2013). A federal district court lacks jurisdiction to consider a successive § 2255 motion where the movant fails to obtain the requisite permission from the appellate court to file a successive motion. Farris v. United States, 333 F.3d 1211, 1216 (11th Cir. 2003). For purposes of the AEDPA's successive-motion rules, the dismissal of an initial § 2255 motion as untimely “counts” and renders a subsequent § 2255 motion successive. See, e.g., Villanueva v. United States, 346 F.3d 55, 59-61 (2d Cir. 2003) (“We . . . hold that a first § 2255 petition that has properly been dismissed as time-barred under AEDPA has been adjudicated on the merits, such that authorization from this court is required before filing a second or successive § 2255 petition.”); Altman v. Benik, 337 F.3d 764, 766 (7th Cir. 2003) (“We hold today that a prior untimely petition does count [for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)] because a statute of limitations bar is not a curable technical or procedural deficiency but rather operates as an irremediable defect barring consideration of the petitioner's substantive claims.”).

         Stokes has not provided the required certification from the Eleventh Circuit, and there is no indication in the record that Stokes has obtained the required certification authorizing this court to consider his successive § 2255 motion. Accordingly, this court lacks jurisdiction to consider Stokes's successive § 2255 motion, and the motion is due to be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. See, e.g., Farris, 333 F.3d at 1216; Boone v. Secretary, Dept. of Corrections, 377 F.3d 1315, 1317 (11th Cir. 2004).

         III. CONCLUSION

         Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that the § 2255 motion be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction, as Stokes has failed to obtain the requisite order from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to consider a successive § 2255 motion.

         It is further

         ORDERED that the parties shall file any objections to this Recommendation or before September 20, 2019. A party must specifically identify the factual findings and legal conclusions in the Recommendation to which objection is made; frivolous, conclusive, or general objections will not be considered. Failure to file written objections to the Magistrate Judge's findings and recommendations under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) will bar a party from a de novo determination by the District Court of legal and factual issues covered in the Recommendation and waives the right of the party to challenge on appeal the District Court's order based on unobjected-to factual and legal conclusions accepted or adopted by the District Court ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.