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Hall v. United States

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

April 10, 2019

MARCUS LEE HALL
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

          ORDER

          JEFFREY U. BEAVERSTOCK UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Pending before the Court is Petitioner Marcus Lee Hall's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (and his related filings) (docs. 74, 75, 78, 79), and the Government's Response in Opposition. (doc. 80). Hall's petition was initially referred to Magistrate Judge Bivins for report and recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Rule 8(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Cases. Hall appeals Judge Bivins' initial ruling that Hall's petition did not comply with local rules.[1] Having carefully reviewed the record, the undersigned finds that no evidentiary hearing is necessary for the disposition of this matter.[2]

         Upon consideration, Petitioner's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 is DENIED.

         BACKGROUND

         On September 30, 2010, Petitioner Marcus Lee Hall was charged in a single-count Indictment with being a felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). (doc.1). Hall pleaded guilty on December 15, 2010. (docs. 18 and 20). Hall was sentenced to 46 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release. (doc. 30).

         Hall's initial term of supervised release began on March 4, 2014 and would have concluded on March 3, 2017. (doc. 34). However, on October 23, 2014, Petitioner's supervised release was revoked due to an arrest for possession of methamphetamine. (Id.). Hall was sentenced to eight months in prison to be followed with twenty-eight months of supervised release. (doc. 46).

         Hall's second term of supervised release began on June 10, 2015, and would have expired on October 9, 2017. (doc. 48). This second period of supervised release was revoked following a drug arrest. (Id.) On this occasion, Petitioner was sentenced to eighteen months in prison to be followed by ten months of supervised release. (doc. 58).

         Petitioner's third term of supervised release started on December 6, 2017 and would have ended on October 5, 2018. (doc. 60). However, Hall's supervised release was revoked for a third time related to his drug use. (Id.). On October 29, 2018, this Court sentenced Hall to five months in prison with no supervised release to follow. (doc. 71).

         On January 30, 2019, Petitioner filed a pro se Motion to Vacate his third revocation and five month sentence, under 18 U.S.C. § 2255. (doc. 74). Hall notes that his original offense was a Class C Felony, and argues that he cannot serve more than a combined two years in prison based on violations of his supervised release. (Id., p. 5). Since Hall served over two years due to his first two revocations, he claims this revocation was unlawful. (Id.).

         ANALYSIS

         Petitioner was originally convicted as a felon in possession of a firearm. Violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) is a Class C felony. See 18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(2) (the penalty for an offense under Section 922(g) is “not more than 10 years”) and 18 U.S.C. § 3581(b)(3) (an offense for which the statutory maximum sentence is between six and twelve years is a “Class C felony”). The term of supervised release to follow imprisonment for a Class C felony is “not more than three years.” 18 U.S.C. § 3583(b)(2). This Court sentenced Hall to the maximum amount of supervised release allowable for his offense of conviction. (doc. No. 30).

         Petitioner contends that “the maximum AGGREGATE term of confinement on revocation of supervised release [is] two years” because his underlying conviction is a Class C felony. (doc. 74, p. 4). Hall directs this Court's attention to 18 U.S.C. § 3583(e), which states:

(e) Modification of Conditions or Revocation.-The court may, after considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a)(1), (a)(2)(B), (a)(2)(C), (a)(2)(D), (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6), and (a)(7)-
(3) revoke a term of supervised release, and require the defendant to serve in prison all or part of the term of supervised release authorized by statute for the offense that resulted in such term of supervised release without credit for time previously served on post-release supervision, if the court, pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure applicable to revocation of probation or supervised release, finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant violated a condition of supervised release, except that a defendant whose term is revoked under this paragraph may not be required to serve on any such revocation more than 5 years in prison if the offense that resulted in the term of supervised release is a class A felony, ...

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