Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Malloy v. Gordy

United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Northern Division

April 2, 2019

ARTHUR BRENNAN MALLOY, # 101329, Petitioner,
v.
CHRISTOPHER GORDY, et al., Respondents.

          RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          CHARLES S. COODY, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         I. INTRODUCTION

         This cause is before the court on Arthur Brennan Malloy's petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Doc. # 1. Malloy is serving a sentence of life without parole as a habitual offender, which was imposed in 1981 upon his conviction for first-degree robbery after a jury trial in the Circuit Court of Montgomery County. Malloy challenges the state trial court's denial of his motion for reduction of sentence under Ala. Code § 13A-5-9.1. For the reasons that follow, Malloy's § 2254 petition should be dismissed as a successive petition filed without the required appellate court authorization.

         II. DISCUSSION

         Malloy purports to challenge the trial court's denial of his motion for reduction of sentence under Ala. Code § 13A-5-9.1, which in certain circumstances authorizes the sentencing judge to modify a sentence of life without parole to a sentence of life with the possibility of parole. See Kirby v. State, 899 So.2d 968, 971-72 (Ala. 2004); Holt v. State, 960 So.2d 726, 734-35 (Ala.Crim.App.2006). Although it is not clear from his assertions, Malloy appears to challenge both a 2007 ruling and a 2012 ruling by the trial court denying separate motions by Malloy seeking relief under § 13A-5-9.1. See Doc. # 1 at 6. Malloy's only argument in support of his claim for relief is that the trial court at his 1981 sentencing improperly relied on his 1970 armed robbery conviction to sentence him as a habitual offender because the 1970 conviction was ‘“unproven' and ‘uncertified'” and “has never been ‘formally' introduced into evidence as required by law.” Id.

         Although couched in terms of challenging the denial of his motion, or motions, for reduction of sentence under § 13A-5-9.1, [1] Malloy's claim really constitutes an attack on his 1981 life-without-parole sentence. Malloy has filed numerous previous § 2254 petitions challenging his 1981 conviction and sentence, including a § 2254 petition filed in 1986, which this court denied with prejudice after determining that his claims presented therein were meritless. See Malloy v. Jones, Civil Action No. 2:86cv1160-TMH (M.D. Ala. 1988).

         Under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A), “[b]efore a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.” 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). “A motion in the court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider a second or successive application shall be determined by a three-judge panel of the court of appeals” and may be granted “only if [the assigned panel of judges] determines that the application makes a prima facie showing that the application satisfies the requirements of [28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1) or (b)(2)].”[2] 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(B) & (C).

         Malloy furnishes no certification from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to proceed on his successive application for habeas relief. “Because this undertaking [is a successive] habeas corpus petition and because [Malloy] had no permission from [the Eleventh Circuit] to file a [successive] habeas petition, . . . the district court lack[s] jurisdiction to grant the requested relief.” Gilreath v. State Board of Pardons and Paroles, 273 F.3d 932, 933 (11th Cir. 2001). See Farris v. United States, 333 F.3d 1211, 1216 (11th Cir. 2003) (providing that, without an order from the court of appeals authorizing the district court to consider a successive habeas petition, the district courts lack jurisdiction to consider the petition). Consequently, the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus should be summarily dismissed.

         III. CONCLUSION

         Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that this cause be DISMISSED under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3) because Malloy has failed to obtain the requisite order from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to consider his successive § 2254 petition, and this court therefore lacks jurisdiction to consider the petition.

         It is further ORDERED that the parties shall file any objections to this Recommendation on or before April 16, 2019. Any objections filed must specifically identify the factual findings and legal conclusions in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which the parties object. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations in the Magistrate Judge's report shall bar a party from a de novo determination by the District Court of factual findings and legal issues covered in the report and shall “waive the right to challenge on appeal the district court's order based on unobjected to factual and legal conclusions” except upon grounds of plain error if necessary in the interests of justice. 11th Cir. R. 3-1; see Resolution Trust Co. v. Hallmark Builders, Inc., 996 F.2d 1144, 1149 (11th Cir. 1993); Henley v. Johnson, 885 F.2d 790, 794 (11th Cir. 1989).

---------

Notes:

[1] This court notes that the Eleventh Circuit has held that entitlement to a sentence reduction under § 13A-5-9.1 is purely a question of state law for which federal habeas relief is unavailable. Curry v. Culliver, ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.