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Simmons v. Stewart

United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Southern Division

January 16, 2019

ROBERT ANTHONY SIMMONS, # 282973, Petitioner,
v.
CYNTHIA STEWART, et al., Respondents.

          RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          STEPHEN M. DOYLE UNITED STATES MAGISRATE JUDGE

         I. INTRODUCTION

         This case is before the court on a petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 filed by Alabama inmate Robert Anthony Simmons on June 28, 2016. Doc. 1.[1]Simmons challenges his convictions and resulting sentence for first-degree sexual abuse and first-degree sodomy entered by the Houston County Circuit Court in 2012. He presents claims that his trial counsel rendered ineffective assistance of counsel by (1) failing to properly investigate his case and (2) failing to call his son as a corroborative witness. The respondents argue that Simmons's petition is time-barred by the one-year federal limitation period. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244d. Docs. 6 & 14. The court agrees with the respondents and finds that Simmons's petition should be denied without an evidentiary hearing.

         II. DISCUSSION

         A. AEDPA's One-Year Limitation Period

         Title 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”) provides the statute of limitations for federal habeas petitions and states:

(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of-
(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.
(2) The time during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of limitation under this subsection.

28 U.S.C. § 2244(d).

         B. Simmons's State ...


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