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Baisden v. Life Tech Transition Facility

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

August 10, 2018

LARRY ROGER BAISDEN, II, #298382, Plaintiff,
v.
LIFE TECH TRANSITION FACILITY, et al. Defendants.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          P. BRADLEY MURRAY UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         Plaintiff Larry Roger Baisden, II, an Alabama prison inmate[1] proceeding pro se, filed an action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which has been referred to the undersigned for appropriate action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and S.D. Ala. Gen. LR 72(a)(2)(R). After careful review of the complaint as amended (Docs. 1, 11, 12), it is recommended that, prior to service of process, this action be dismissed without prejudice as malicious pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i).

         I. Legal Standards for Screening a Complaint for Maliciousness.

         In reviewing this transferred-in action to address many outstanding matters, the Court discovered that Baisden did not pay the $400 filing/administrative fee[2] or file a motion to proceed without prepayment of fees when he filed his complaint in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. See Doc. 1 (entry on docket sheet); Doc. 2 (Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge to transfer, p. 1, n.1); see also 28 U.S.C. § 1914 (requires “the parties instituting any civil action . . . to pay a filing fee”); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1) (“any court of the United States may authorize the commencement . . . action . . . without prepayment of fees or security therefor, by a person who submits an affidavit that includes a statement of all assets such prisoner possesses that the person is unable to pay such fees or give security therefor”). Notwithstanding Baisden's failure to comply with the requirements for filing a civil complaint, when he sent his complaint to the court, he used this Court's complaint form for a § 1983 action. (Doc. 1). Thus, there is no need for the Court to require Baisden to re-file his complaint on this Court's complaint form.

         Since filing this action, Baisden has been actively litigating his case, as evidenced by his numerous filings reflected on the docket. Nonetheless, he has not filed a motion to proceed without prepayment of fees or paid the $400 filing/administrative fee even though he knows that one or the other is required of him. However, if Baisden had sought and been granted in forma pauperis status under 28 U.S.C. § 1915, or if he had paid the $400 filing/administrative fee, the Court would be required to screen his complaint in either situation. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) (providing for ifp status and screening of prisoners' complaints); 28 U.S.C. § 1915A (providing for screening of prisoners' complaints whether the fee is paid or ifp is granted). Both § 1915(e)(2)(B) and § 1915A require the dismissal of a prisoner action if it is determined that the action is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i-iii); 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).[3]

         An action is deemed malicious under § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i) and § 1915A(b)(1) when a prisoner plaintiff affirmatively misrepresents his prior litigation history on a complaint form requiring disclosure of such history and signs it under penalty of perjury, as such a complaint is an abuse of the judicial process warranting dismissal without prejudice as malicious. See Rivera v. Allin, 144 F.3d 719, 731 (11th Cir. 1998) (affirming the counting as a strike under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) an action that was dismissed for an abuse of legal process because the inmate lied under penalty of perjury about a prior lawsuit), overruled on other grounds by Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 215-17, 127 S.Ct. 910, 166 L.Ed.2d 798 (2007); see also, e.g., Schmidt v. Navarro, 576 Fed.Appx. 897, 898-99 (11th Cir. 2014) (unpublished) (affirming the finding that the action was malicious because the plaintiff abused the judicial process when he failed to disclose the existence of two prior federal actions in his complaint signed under penalty of perjury);[4] Sears v. Haas, 509 Fed.Appx. 935, 935-36 (11th Cir. 2013) (unpublished) (finding an action's dismissal without prejudice as malicious for an abuse of judicial process was warranted where, in a complaint signed under penalty of perjury, the inmate failed to disclose a case filed just five months before and another case filed six years earlier); Harris v. Warden, 498 Fed.Appx. 962, 964 (11th Cir. 2012) (unpublished) (dismissing without prejudice an action for abuse of process when the inmate failed to disclose the type of cases the complaint form required him to disclose); Jackson v. Florida Dep't of Corrs., 491 Fed.Appx. 129, 131-32 (11th Cir. 2012) (unpublished) (affirming the dismissal without prejudice of an inmate's action as malicious because he abused the judicial process when under penalty of perjury he avowed on the complaint form that he had no action dismissed prior to service process even though he had one), cert. denied, 569 U.S. 960 (2013); Redmon v. Lake Cty. Sheriff's Office, 414 Fed.Appx. 221, 223, 225-26 (11th Cir. 2011) (unpublished) (affirming the dismissal without prejudice of the inmate's action that was found to be abusive when he filed a complaint signed under penalty of perjury and did not disclose a prior lawsuit relating to his imprisonment or conditions of imprisonment when the complaint form asked for disclosure of such lawsuits); Shelton v. Rohrs, 406 Fed.Appx. 340, 340 (11th Cir. 2010) (unpublished) (affirming the dismissal without prejudice of the inmate's complaint under § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i) for an abuse of process after he checked “no” to the complaint form's question asking if he had filed other actions in state or federal court because the case management system reflected he had filed four actions); Pinson v. Grimes, 391 Fed.Appx. 797, 799 (11th Cir.) (unpublished) (relying, on Rivera, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed the determination of an abuse of the judicial process and the issuance of a strike when the prisoner had listed only two prior cases even though he filed two other federal cases within the preceding month), cert. denied, 562 U.S. 1013 (2010).

         When an action is dismissed without prejudice as malicious, the Court must consider whether the action may be re-filed. See Schmidt, 576 Fed.Appx. at 899 (affirming the dismissal without prejudice of an action as malicious for the plaintiff's failure to advise of prior lawsuits, because the complaint could be re-filed as the statute of limitations had not expired). When the statute of limitations has expired, a dismissal without prejudice is tantamount to a dismissal with prejudice because a plaintiff is unable to re-file a viable action, and the court should then consider lesser sanctions. Stephenson v. Warden, 554 Fed.Appx. 835, 838 (11th Cir. 2014) (unpublished); Hines v. Thomas, 604 Fed.Appx. 796, 800 (11th Cir. 2015) (unpublished). In Alabama, the statute of limitations for filing a § 1983 action is two years. Lufkin v. McCallum, 956 F.2d 1104, 1105, 1108 n.2 (11th Cir.), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 917 (1992); Ala. Code § 6-2-38(1).

         II. Analysis.

         In the present action, Baisden used this Court's § 1983 complaint form when he commenced this action. (Doc. 1). The complaint form asks a plaintiff to state if he has filed other lawsuits, in state or federal court, that have the same or similar facts involved in his present action or that are related to his imprisonment. (Id. at 3). Baisden answered “yes” to the question asking if he had filed a prior lawsuit with similar facts involved in this lawsuit.[5] (Id.). And he answered “no” to the question asking if he had filed other lawsuits relating to his imprisonment. (Id.). He then signed his complaint under penalty of perjury stating that the facts in his complaint were true and correct. (Id. at 10).

         The Court, in screening the complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) and 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b), discovered in its examination of PACER (Public Access to Court Electronic Records)[6] that Baisden previously filed three other actions that he did not mention, namely, Baisden v. Officer Dejarnette, CA No. 2:15-cv-00549-MHT-GMB (M.D. Ala. 2015) (ordered to pay a partial filing fee of $58.05); Baisden v. Corizon Health Servs., CA No. 2:15-cv-00550-WKW-TFM (M.D. Ala. 2016) (ordered to pay a partial filing fee of $58.05, which was paid; dismissed on defendants' motions to dismiss); Baisden v. Corizon LLC, CA No. 2:17-cv-00627-MHT-GMB (M.D. Ala. pending) (filed September 21, 2017[7]; granted ifp; complained about no dental care at Kilby Correctional Facility for severe tooth pain; pending). After discovering and reviewing these prior actions, the Court concludes that Baisden did not provide the information requested by the complaint form about his prior actions. (Doc. 1 at 3). Therefore, when Baisden filed the present complaint on October 3, 2017, he knowingly chose not to list his prior actions, and then he proceeded to sign his complaint under penalty of perjury. (Id. at 13).

         The Court's complaint form requests information about prior actions from a prisoner plaintiff to assist it in determining if the prisoner is barred under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) (the “three-strikes” rule), if the action is connected to another action, and if the plaintiff is familiar with litigating his claims. Doctor v. Nichols, 2015 WL 5546397, at *3 (N.D. Fla. 2015) (unpublished). When the prisoner fails to provide the information about his prior actions on the complaint form, the Court is deprived of this knowledge to assist it in handling the prisoner's action, which causes the Court to expend more resources and time. (Id.).

         Moreover, the judicial system is structured so that when a plaintiff files a civil action, he certifies to the court that his signed pleading, filing, or other paper “to the best of [his] knowledge, information and belief, formed after an inquiry . . . is not being presented for any improper purpose . . . and the factual contentions have evidentiary support....” Fed.R.Civ.P. 11(a) & (b)(1) & (2). The purpose of Rule 11 is to impress on the signer his personal responsibility of validating “the truth and legal reasonableness of the document” he is filing, which assists in conserving the court system's resources and in avoiding unnecessary proceedings. Business Guides, Inc. v. Chromatic Commc'ns Enters., Inc., 498 U.S. 533, 543, 547, 111 S.Ct. 922, 929, 931, 112 L.Ed.2d 1140 (1991).

         Because Baisden was not truthful to the Court about his prior litigation on his complaint form, his action is subject to being dismissed as malicious for abusing the judicial process. The only reason the Court would not recommend this action's dismissal without prejudice is if the present action could not be re-filed because the two-year statute of limitations had expired.

         An examination of the substance of the original complaint reflects that Baisden named LIFE Tech as the sole Defendant. He complains that he was in pain from a hole in his tooth when he left Kilby. (Id. at 4). On September 26, 2017, he arrived at LIFE Tech from Kilby with paperwork stating that he needed to be seen by a dentist immediately. (Id.). At LIFE Tech, he was told that he would have to pay for an immediate dental appointment or he could wait for months to be seen. (Id.). He told them he was in severe pain, was having trouble eating, and was without money. (Id.). He received ...


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