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Eubanks v. Berryhill

United States District Court, N.D. Alabama, Northeastern Division

November 9, 2017

KAREN EUBANKS, Plaintiff,
v.
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, ACTING COMMISSIONER, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, Defendant .

          MEMORANDUM OPINION [1]

          VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         I. Introduction

         Plaintiff Karen Eubanks (“Eubanks”) brings this action under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Eubanks seeks a review of a final adverse decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (“Commissioner”), who denied her application for disability insurance benefits (“DIB”) and supplemental security income (“SSI”). Eubanks filed her application on December 13, 2013. After that, Eubanks pursued and exhausted the administrative remedies available before the Commissioner. Eubanks filed her Complaint in the Northern District of Alabama on September 9, 2016. (Doc. 1). Eubanks filed her brief in support of her position on March 10, 2017. (Doc. 10). The Commissioner responded on March 29, 2017. (Doc. 11). This case is now ripe for judicial review under section 205(g) of the Social Security Act (the “Act”), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).

         The Court carefully reviewed the record in this case and AFFIRMS the ALJ's decision.

         II. Relevant Background

         The amended alleged onset date is March 27, 2013. (Tr. 42). Eubanks suffers from “migraine headaches, carpal tunnel syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression.” (Tr. 29). On December 13, 2013, Eubanks filed an application for Social Security benefits. (Tr. 112, 196-206). The Social Security Administration denied that application. On November 7, 2014, Administrative Law Judge Randall C. Stout held a hearing. (Tr. 40-62). The ALJ issued his decision on February 9, 2015, which was unfavorable to Eubanks. (Tr. 26-35). In that opinion, the ALJ founds that Eubanks “does not have a severe impairment or combination of impairments.” (Tr. 29) (emphasis omitted). Eubanks requested the Appeals Council review her claim. (Tr. 1-3). They refused. (Tr. 1-3).

         III. Standards

         The court's review of the Commissioner's decision is narrowly circumscribed. The function of this court is to determine whether the decision of the Commissioner is supported by substantial evidence and whether proper legal standards were applied. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 390 (1971); Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219, 1221 (11th Cir. 2002). This court must “scrutinize the record as a whole to determine if the decision reached is reasonable and supported by substantial evidence.” Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239 (11th Cir. 1983). This court will determine that the ALJ's opinion is supported by substantial evidence if it finds “such relevant evidence as a reasonable person would accept as adequate to support a conclusion.” Id. Substantial evidence is “more than a scintilla, but less than a preponderance.” Id. Factual findings that are supported by substantial evidence must be upheld by the court.

         The ALJ's legal conclusions, however, are reviewed de novo, because no presumption of validity attaches to the ALJ's determination of the proper legal standards to be applied. Davis v. Shalala, 985 F.2d 528, 531 (11th Cir. 1993). If the court finds an error in the ALJ's application of the law, or if the ALJ fails to provide the court with sufficient reasoning for determining that the proper legal analysis has been conducted, the ALJ's decision must be reversed. Cornelius v. Sullivan, 936 F.2d 1143, 1145-46 (11th Cir. 1991).

         IV. Statutory and Regulatory Framework

         To qualify for disability benefits and establish his or her entitlement for a period of disability, a claimant must be disabled as defined by the Social Security Act and the Regulations promulgated thereunder.[2] The Regulations define “disabled” as “the inability to do any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve (12) months.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1505(a). To establish an entitlement to disability benefits, a claimant must provide evidence about a “physical or mental impairment” that “must result from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which can be shown by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1508.

         The Regulations provide a five-step process for determining whether a claimant is disabled. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(4)(i-v). The Commissioner must determine in sequence:

(1) whether the claimant is currently employed;
(2) whether the claimant has a severe impairment;
(3) whether the claimant's impairment meets or equals an impairment listed by the [Commissioner];
(4) whether the claimant can perform his or her past work; and
(5) whether the claimant is capable of performing any work in the ...

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