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Toffel v. Nationwide Mutual Ins. Co.

United States District Court, N.D. Alabama, Southern Division

August 9, 2017

ANDRE M. TOFFEL, Trustee, Plaintiff,



         This case arises out of a dispute over insurance coverage for state court judgments totaling approximately 15 million dollars entered against The Nineteenth Street Investments, Inc. for violating Alabama's dram shop law. Plaintiff Andre M. Toffel, Trustee of the Bankruptcy Estate of Nineteenth Street, brought claims of negligent and/or wanton failure to procure insurance coverage; breach of contract; bad faith refusal to defend, indemnify, and settle; and recovery of property of estate. (Doc. 1-1). This matter was initially filed as an adversary proceeding in the Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Alabama, but was transferred to this court after the undersigned granted Plaintiff's Motion to Withdraw the Reference. (Doc. 7); see (Doc. 1). This court then dismissed Plaintiff's Complaint based on insufficient service of process and because Plaintiff's claims were barred by the applicable statute of limitations. (Doc. 22). The court simultaneously denied Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to Amend Complaint. (Id.).

         This matter now comes before the court on Plaintiff's Rule 59(e) Motion to Alter or Amend. (Doc. 24). Mr. Toffel argues that manifest errors of law and fact support altering or amending the court's dismissal order.

         I. DISCUSSION

         “The only grounds for granting a Rule 59 motion are newly-discovered evidence or manifest errors of law or fact. A Rule 59(e) motion cannot be used to relitigate old matters, raise argument or present evidence that could have been raised prior to the entry of judgment.” Arthur v. King, 500 F.3d 1335, 1343 (11th Cir. 2007) (citations omitted). Mr. Toffel must “demonstrate why the court should reconsider its prior decision and ‘set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to induce the court to reverse its prior decision.'” Fidelity & Deposit Co. of Maryland v. Am. Consertech, Inc., No. 06-0338-CG-M, 2008 WL 4080270, at *1 (S.D. Ala. Aug. 28, 2008) (quoting Cover v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 148 F.R.D. 294, 295 (M.D. Fla. 1993)).

         A. Dismissal for Insufficient Service of Process

         Regarding insufficient service of process, the court found in dismissing Plaintiff's Complaint that Plaintiff presented prima facie evidence of valid service in the form of executed returns of service. The court noted that the prima facie evidence was weaker than usual because the Certificates of Service were completed by the Plaintiff's attorney rather than a process server and because Plaintiff's attorney did not file the Certificates until fourteen months after the date on which he allegedly mailed the summonses and Complaints. In any event, the court found that Defendants presented “strong and convincing evidence” sufficient to overcome Plaintiff's evidence of valid service. See In re Premium Sales Corp., 182 B.R. 349, 351 (Bankr. S.D. Fla. 1995).

         Specifically, Defendants' signed, sworn statements attested to their normal procedures for receiving summons, which suggested that they would have a record of receiving the summons if they had been served; Defendants are sophisticated businesspeople who are familiar with handling summonses; none of the three Defendants received the summons and Complaint; and the lapse of time between the alleged mailing and the filing of the Certificates of Service was suspicious. This evidence indicated that Plaintiff did not serve the Defendants.

         Mr. Toffel argues in his Motion that Defendants had actual notice of this lawsuit but failed to inform Mr. Toffel's attorney that they had not been served with the summons and Complaint, making dismissal under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(5) and 4(m) unjust. He argues that even in the absence of good cause for delay, a court may extend the time to perfect service beyond the 120-day deadline where circumstances warrant an extension. Prince Hotel, S.A. v. Blake Marine Grp., 858 F.Supp.2d 1287, 1292 (S.D. Ala. 2012). “Relevant circumstances may include, for example, such factors as whether the statute of limitations would bar a refiled action, whether the defendant evaded or concealed a defect in service, and whether the defendant had actual notice of the suit.” Id. (emphasis added) (citation omitted).

         First, Mr. Toffel points to language in November 2014 emails between Valrey Early, Plaintiff's attorney, and Kori Clement, Nationwide's attorney, demonstrating that Mr. Early and Ms. Clement spoke on the phone in September 2013 to discuss this lawsuit. Mr. Toffel argues that the language of the emails indicates that Ms. Clement knew of the lawsuit shortly after Mr. Toffel allegedly mailed the summonses and Complaints.

         Second, Mr. Toffel attacks the credibility of Defendant Pat Donalson's declaration, maintaining that Ms. Donalson's statement that she first learned of this proceeding in November 2014 is contradicted by her other testimony. Ms. Donalson declares that her “routine practice is to forward any legal papers to Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, ” and the evidence indisputably shows that the Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Alabama mailed Ms. Donalson scheduling orders in the adversary proceeding in December 2013 and April 2014. (Doc. 9-2 at 6 ¶ 3). The inference, according to Mr. Toffel, is that Ms. Donalson was aware of this suit.

         Third, Mr. Toffel calls into question Mara Velasco's declaration, in which Ms. Velasco maintains that CT Corp., Defendant Nationwide's registered agent, maintains records of all documents it receives for Nationwide and has no record of receiving a summons or complaint in this case. Mr. Toffel argues that the declaration is not credible because Ms. Velasco does not explain how she conducted her search or address whether CT Corp. received the bankruptcy scheduling orders.

         Mr. Toffel's arguments do not satisfy his burden to “set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature” that demonstrate a manifest error of law or fact. See Fidelity & Deposit Co., 2008 WL 4080270, at *1 (quoting Cover, 148 F.R.D. at 295). Rather, they represent an attempt to re-litigate the substance of the Motion to Dismiss, in reliance upon arguments and evidence that could have been presented during the first go-round.

         Even taking into consideration the new cases and facts Mr. Toffel presents, strong and convincing evidence establishes that Defendants were not served. The court finds that no good cause explains Mr. Toffel's failure to perfect service and that “relevant circumstances” do not warrant extending the deadline for service here. See Prince Hotel, 858 F.Supp.2d at 1292 (citation omitted); see, e.g., In re Anderson, 179 B.R. 401, 407 (D. Conn. 1995) (finding good cause for plaintiff's failure to timely perfect service under Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 7004(f) by mailing summons and complaint within 10 days of summons issuance, where defendants actually received summons and complaint within twenty days of complaint's filing but “lay in wait” and did not move to dismiss under F.R.C.P. 4(j) until after 120-day window passed). Defendants would be prejudiced by permitting Plaintiff to serve them now, after Mr. Toffel waited fourteen months to take any action ...

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