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Tate v. Assurant Specialty Property

United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Northern Division

May 24, 2017

ROBERT TATE, JR., Plaintiff,


          Susan Russ Walker United States Magistrate Judge

         This matter is before the court on plaintiff's motion to remand. (Doc. 1). Assurant Specialty Property (“Assurant”) filed a response to the motion (Doc. 9) and plaintiff replied (Doc. 10). Upon review of the motion and the record, the court concludes that the motion is due to be granted.


         “It is by now axiomatic that the inferior courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. They are ‘empowered to hear only those cases within the judicial power of the United States as defined by Article III of the Constitution, ' and which have been entrusted to them by a jurisdictional grant authorized by Congress.” Griffith v. Wal-Mart Stores East, L.P., 884 F.Supp.2d 1218, 1221 (N.D. Ala. 2012) (citing Univ. of S. Ala. v. Am. Tobacco Co., 168 F.3d 405, 409 (11th Cir. 1999)). “[B]ecause removal jurisdiction raises significant federalism concerns, federal courts are directed to construe removal statutes strictly.” Id. (citing Univ. of S. Ala., 168 F.3d at 411).

         The removing party has the burden of establishing subject matter jurisdiction. Id. “[B]ecause the jurisdiction of federal courts is limited, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals favors remand of cases that have been removed where federal jurisdiction is not absolutely clear.” Id. (quoting Lowe's OK'd Used Cars, Inc. v. Acceptance Ins. Co., 995 F.Supp. 1388, 1389 (M.D. Ala. 1998)). “In fact, removal statutes are to be strictly construed, with all doubts resolved in favor of remand.” Id. (quoting Lowe's, 995 F.Supp. at 1389).

         I. Removal

         Removal procedure is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1446, which “contemplates two ways that a case may be removed based on diversity jurisdiction.” Moore v. Wal-Mart Stores East, L.P., No. 2:15-CV-163, 2015 WL 5813164, *4 (M.D. Ala. Oct. 5, 2015) (report and recommendation adopted). “The first way (formerly referred to as ‘first paragraph removals') involves civil cases where the jurisdictional grounds for removal are apparent on the face of the initial pleadings.” Id. (quoting Griffith, 884 F.Supp.2d at 1223). See also 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b)(1) (2012).[2] “The second way (formerly referred to as second paragraph removals') contemplates removal where the jurisdictional grounds later become apparent through the defendant's receipt of ‘an amended pleading, motion, order, or other paper from which it may first be ascertained that the case is one which is or has become removable.'” Id. (quoting Griffith, 884 F.Supp.2d at 1223). See also 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b)(3).

         II. Remand

         The removal statute “distinguishes between motions to remand made within the first thirty days following removal, and challenges to subject matter jurisdiction brought after that time.” Lowery v. Ala. Power Co., 483 F.3d 1184, 1213 n. 64 (11th Cir. 2007) (citing 28 U.S.C. §1447(c) “A motion to remand the case on the basis of any defect other than lack of subject matter jurisdiction must be made within 30 days after the filing of the notice of removal under section 1446(a).” 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). “If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded.” Lowery, 483 F.3d at 1213 n. 64. “Plaintiffs have only thirty days from the notice of removal to file a motion to remand challenging any procedural defects in the removal.” Id. “There is only a thirty-day window … for a plaintiff to challenge the propriety of the removal itself, whether that challenge be on the basis of a procedural defect or a lack of subject matter jurisdiction.” Id.

         Because plaintiff filed the motion to remand within thirty days of the notice of removal, his challenge in this case is to the propriety of the removal itself. See 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); Lowery, 483 F.3d at 1213 n. 64.


         Plaintiff first filed this action in state court on June 20, 2016. (Doc. 5-1 at 1). That complaint was never served upon either Assurant or Standard Guarantee Assurance Company (“Standard”). (Doc. 5-2 at 16). Plaintiff filed an identical complaint on September 16, 2016. (Doc. 5-2 at 27). In the second complaint, plaintiff named defendant as “Assurant Specialty Property AKA Standard Guaranty Insurance Company.” (Doc. 5-2 at 27). Standard was served with the September 16 complaint on September 20, 2016. (Doc. 5-2 at 38). However, it was Assurant that filed the notice of removal on October 20, 2016. (Doc. 5). In order to establish the requisite amount in controversy, Assurant attached a declarations page from the insurance policy at issue in this case which indicates that the policy coverage limit is $372, 000. (Doc. 5-3). The heading of the declarations page indicates that the policy was issued by Standard. (Doc. 5-3). In the notice of removal, Assurant avers that “no other defendants [than Assurant] have been named. Accordingly, there are no other defendants to consent to this removal.” (Doc. 5 at 2 (citation omitted)). Assurant asserts that it has met the requirements for diversity jurisdiction and, therefore, removal is proper. (Doc. 5 at 3). In its answer, Assurant also states that it is the owner of Standard, and that Assurant is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in New York. (Doc. 8 at 1). Standard has not appeared in this action.

         Plaintiff filed his motion to remand on October 24, 2016. (Doc. 1). In the motion, he objects to the removal itself and the jurisdiction of this court, and requests that the matter be remanded to the state court in which it was filed. (Doc. 1 at 1). Attached to the motion to remand are two “business entity records” from the Alabama Secretary of State's website; one for Assurant (Doc. 1 at 5), and one for Standard (Doc. 1 at 6). According to these records, Assurant, Inc., is incorporated in Delaware and has its principle place of business in New York, New York (Doc. 1 at 5), and Standard Guaranty Insurance Company is incorporated in Delaware with its principle place of business is in Atlanta, Georgia (Doc. 1 at 6). The two businesses are listed as having different entity identification numbers, different formation dates, and different certificate of formation dates. (Id. at 5-6.)

         Assurant does not contest the validity of these records. On the contrary, it cites these records in its response to the motion to remand in order to demonstrate that the parties are completely diverse. (Doc. 9 at 3). Assurant refers to the records as “the business entity records from the Alabama Secretary of State for both entities.” (Doc. 9 at 3). Assurant's response focuses on asserting that this court has ...

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