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Ward v. United States

United States District Court, N.D. Alabama, Southern Division

March 15, 2017




         Shostocka Keya Ward, a federal prisoner, asks the court to “remand [her case] for resentencing” pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, based on alleged ineffective assistance of counsel. Doc. 1. For the reasons explained below, Ward’s petition is DENIED.


         Following conviction and sentencing, 28 U.S.C. § 2255 allows a federal prisoner to file a motion in the sentencing court “to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence” on the basis “that the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court was without jurisdiction to impose such a sentence, or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack[.]” 28 U.S.C. § 2255(a). To obtain relief under § 2255, a petitioner must: (1) file a non-successive petition or obtain an order from the Eleventh Circuit authorizing a district court to consider a successive § 2255 motion, 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h), § 2255 Rule 9; (2) file the motion in the court where the conviction or sentence was received, see Partee v. Attorney Gen. of Ga., 451 F. App’x 856 (11th Cir. 2012); (3) file the petition within the one-year statute of limitations, 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f); (4) be “in custody” at the time of filing the petition, Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7 (1998); (5) state a viable claim for relief under the heightened pleading standards of § 2255 Rule 2(b), see also McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994); and (6) swear or verify the petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1746. Finally, “[i]n deciding whether to grant an evidentiary hearing, a federal court must consider whether such a hearing could enable an applicant to prove the petition’s factual allegations, which, if true, would entitle the applicant to federal habeas relief.” Schriro v. Landrigan, 550 U.S. 465, 474 (2007). However, “if the record refutes the applicant’s factual allegations or otherwise precludes habeas relief, a district court is not required to hold an evidentiary hearing.” Id.


         After Ward pleaded guilty to bank fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1344 (Count VI) and aggravated identity theft in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1) (Count X), see doc. 2 in case no. 2:15-cr-00081-AKK-HGD, the undersigned sentenced Ward to consecutive prison terms of thirty-three months as to Count VI and twenty-four months as to Count X, see Id. Ward did not file a direct appeal. See doc. 1 at 1. As a result, her conviction became final on October 1, 2015.[1]Ward timely filed this § 2255 motion on September 28, 2016. Id. at 12.

         III. ANALYSIS

         As stated previously, Ward seeks resentencing based on alleged ineffective assistance of counsel. See doc. 1 at 12. Ward raises four specific contentions: i.e., (1) that she “requested an appeal after sentencing but [her] attorney declined to file one for [her],” id. at 3; (2) that her attorney “failed to challenge the ‘actual’ amount of restitution, against ‘intended’ loss which could have changed her sentencing range,” id. at 5; (3) that her attorney “failed to challenge the sentencing range and inform the defendant of the sentencing options,” id. at 6; and (4) that her attorney “failed to explain the appellate process to [her],” id. at 8.

         To prevail on her claims of ineffective assistance, Ward must demonstrate not only that her counsel’s performance was below an objective and reasonable professional norm, but also that she was prejudiced by this inadequacy. See Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 686 (1984). Relevant here, because the court may dispose of an ineffective assistance claim if the movant fails to carry her burden of proof on either the performance or the prejudice prong, the court need not address the adequacy of counsel’s performance when the petitioner fails to make a sufficient showing of prejudice. Id. at 697. With that framework in mind, the court analyzes Ward’s specific contentions separately below.

         A. Ward’s Contention that Her Attorney Declined to File an Appeal on Her Behalf

         First, the court is not persuaded by Ward’s contention that her attorney refused to file an appeal on her behalf. Even accepting this allegation as true, the court informed Ward at her sentencing that she must file her appeal, if any, within 14 days, and that she could ask the court to waive the filing fee and to appoint her a lawyer to handle the appeal.[2] As another court in this Circuit stated when rejecting the same argument Ward raises, the defendant knew that “if his lawyer failed or refused to file an appeal, he had recourse with the court. Defendant does not allege he made an effort to pursue an appeal through the clerk of court, or that for some reason he was prevented from doing so.” United States v. Bradberry, Nos. 3:07cr11/MCR; 3:08cv170/MCR/MD, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 128386, at **39–40 (N.D. Fla. Mar. 13, 2009), adopted by 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 36752 (N.D. Fla.Apr. 16, 2009). Because Ward does not contend that she was prevented from filing an appeal on her own pursuant to the court’s instructions, she is not due any relief on this basis.

         B. Ward’s Contention that Her Attorney Failed to Challenge the “Actual” Amount of Restitution against “Intended” Loss

         Ward next contends that her attorney provided ineffective assistance by purportedly failing to challenge the “actual loss” versus the “intended loss” of her restitution. Doc. 1 at 5. See also U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1 cmt. n.3(A)(i)–(ii) (intended loss is the “pecuniary harm that was intended to result from the offense,” while actual loss is the “reasonably foreseeable pecuniary harm that resulted from the offense”). The court is confounded by Ward’s contention, because the “actual loss” amount in her case is the amount she stole from her victim, and Ward never contended in her plea colloquy or otherwise that she intended to use the money to pay her victim’s bills or otherwise benefit her victim. See doc. 2 at 14 in case no. 2:15-cr-00081-AKK-HGD. In fact, to the contrary, as the plea agreement noted, Ward used the funds on personal things like “adult items and movies,” jewelry, concert and circus tickets, “to pay for a dating website,” to “fund trips to Las Vegas, Tunica, Chicago, and Gatlinburg,” and to pay for her own wedding. See id. at 9.

         In any event, according to the Presentence Investigation Report, Ward’s offense level was increased by 12 levels pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1(b)(1)(G), because her offense “involved a loss of more than $200,000 but less than $400,000 (the actual loss amount is $335,213.73).” Even accepting as true that Ward’s attorney failed to raise the “intended” loss, the actual and intended loss amounts are essentially the same here, where Ward was writing checks and using the credit and debit cards of an elderly woman for whom she worked at an assisted living facility. See Id. at 3–12. In sum, regardless of her attorney’s purported omissions, Ward has failed to show that the actual loss and intended loss are different amounts, and, to the extent they are, it is unlikely that any unintended losses added up to an amount that ...

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