United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Northern Division
STEVEN T. CORBIN, Petitioner,
DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, Respondent.
MYRON H. THOMPSON, District Judge.
Petitioner Steven T. Corbin, proceeding pro se, has filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 relating to his involuntary civil commitment by order of the Jefferson County probate court "issued by VA." Upon consideration of the petition and its exhibits, the court concludes that venue is improper in this district and that, accordingly, this action will be transferred, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a), to the Northern District of Alabama.
Petitioner claims that the VA had him admitted without his consent to Hill Crest Behavioral Health Center, where he was held illegally for six days, from May 6 through May 13, 2015, in violation of his due process rights and Alabama law. See Complaint (doc. no. 1), pp. 1-8. He asks that the court find respondents "liable for defamation of character and injury suffered by petitioner, " and enjoin the "State of Alabama to vacate all charges from a confidential medical record." Id., p. 9 at ¶ 15. Petitioner further claims that the VA wrongfully denied his claim for service-connected disability and that Hill Crest failed to comply with Alabama law and committed medical malpractice during his admission to the facility. See Attachment to Complaint (doc. no. 1-1); see also Motion to Amend Petition (doc. no. 2)).
Petitioner resides in Sylacauga, Alabama, within the Northern District of Alabama. He alleges that the Jefferson County probate court ordered his commitment and, after he was detained by officers at the VA Medical Center in Birmingham, he was admitted to Hill Crest, also in Birmingham, where he remained until his discharge six days later. See Complaint (doc. no. 1) (style includes petitioner's street address in Sylacauga); id. (¶¶ 2-4, 10(c); Attachment to Complaint (doc. no. 1-1); 28 U.S.C. § 81(a)(3), (4) (designating which counties lie in the Northern District). Venue would not lie in this district for petitioner's habeas petition, even if the court were to construe it to assert constitutional or state-law tort claims against the VA or to seek review of a VA disability benefit determination. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241(d) (habeas petition may be filed in the district where the petitioner is in custody or within which the state court that ordered the petitioner's detention is located); § 1391(e)(1) (general venue statute providing that, except as otherwise provided by law, a civil action not involving real property against a federal agency may be brought in a district in which a defendant resides, a district in which a substantial part of the events or omissions occurred, or the district in which the plaintiff resides); § 1402(b) (civil actions asserting an FTCA claim against the United States may be brought "only in the judicial district where the plaintiff resides or wherein the act or omission complained of occurred").
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that this action is transferred, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a), to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, a district in which this action could have been brought.
The clerk of the court is DIRECTED to take the steps necessary to ...