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Brannon v. City of Gadsden

United States District Court, N.D. Alabama, Middle Division

May 20, 2015

KIMBERLY L. BRANNON, et al., Plaintiffs,
CITY OF GADSDEN, et al., Defendants.



I. Introduction

Plaintiffs initiated this action on July 1, 2013 (Doc. 1), and filed their most recently amended complaint (Doc. 63) on April 9, 2015. On March 10, 2015, after first raising the issue of severance with the parties at a hearing held on February 4, 2015, the court entered an order requiring the parties to file a report of parties' planning meeting and to include within there "whether they are in agreement that severing this case into two lawsuits is appropriate so that the claims involving the [City of Anniston] will be separate from those involving the [City of Gadsden]." (Doc. 62 at 38); see also Fed.R.Civ.P. 21 ("The court may also sever any claim against a party.").

The parties filed their report (Doc. 68) on May 1, 2015, and jointly indicated that "the claims of the Gadsden Plaintiffs should be severed from those of the Attalla Plaintiffs and that the claims be consolidated for discovery purposes with such discovery being conducted within the parameters of this report." (Doc. 68 at 8).

II. Standard

Rule 21 provides:

Misjoinder of parties is not a ground for dismissing an action. On motion or on its own, the court may at any time, on just terms, add or drop a party. The court may also sever any claim against a party.

Fed. R. Civ. P. 21 (emphasis added).

Severance under Rule 21 is directly related to permissive joinder of parties under Rule 20. As Rule 20 pertains to joining plaintiffs in pertinent part:

(a) Persons Who May Join or Be Joined.
(1) Plaintiffs. Persons may join in one action as plaintiffs if:
(A) they assert any right to relief jointly, severally, or in the alternative with respect to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences; and
(B) any question of law or fact common to all plaintiffs will arise in the action.

Fed. R. Civ. P. 20(a).

A district court's decision to allow joinder or order severance is a discretionary one. See, e.g., Nor-Tex Agencies, Inc. v. Jones, 482 F.2d 1093, 1100 (5th Cir. 1973) ("The district judge acted within his discretion in allowing the joinder under Rule 20(a), as well as denying the motion for severance under Rule 20(b).") (emphasis added);[1] see also Alexander v. Fulton County, Ga., 207 F.3d 1303, 1322 (11th Cir. 2000) ("We review a district court's joinder of Plaintiffs' claims and denial of severance for abuse of discretion.") (citing Nor-Tex Agencies, 482 F.2d at 1100), overruled on other grounds by Manders v. Lee, 338 F.3d 1304, 1328 (11th Cir. 2003).

III. Ruling

With the written consent of all parties, the court concludes that it is appropriate to sever this case into two separate actions on the basis of which municipal defendant is alleged to be liable to each one of the plaintiffs-the City of Gadsden or the City of Attalla. Accordingly, the claims of Plaintiffs Kimberly L. Brannon, Joseph R. DuBose, Dustin A. Loyd, Jason L. Lynn, Erica Snow, and Roy Myers (the "Gadsden Plaintiffs") are HEREBY SEVERED from the claims of Plaintiffs Charles Cantrell, Ricky L. Hunter, and Dustin A. Loyd (the "Attalla Plaintiffs").[2] The Gadsden Plaintiffs will remain as the named plaintiffs in this lawsuit ( i.e., 4:13-CV-1229-VEH).

Further, the clerk is HEREBY DIRECTED to assign a new civil action case number to the severed claims of the Attalla Plaintiffs. The parties are still permitted to conduct discovery in a collective manner when appropriate as so stipulated in their report. Finally, the new case as well as this action shall both be assigned to the undersigned.


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