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Barefoot v. Colvin

United States District Court, M.D. Alabama, Southern Division

April 14, 2015

CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, [1] Defendant.


CHARLES S. COODY, Magistrate Judge.

On March 18, 2015, the plaintiff filed a motion for attorney fees pursuant to the Equal Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). (Doc. # 16). The Commissioner objects to an award of fees because her "position was substantially justified." (Doc. # 19).

Plaintiff Merita Barefoot ("Barefoot") applied for and was denied disability insurance benefits by the Commissioner. After her application was denied, she sought judicial review in this court. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1) and M.D. Ala. LR 73.1, the parties consented to a United States Magistrate Judge conducting all proceedings in this case and ordering the entry of final judgment. On January 7, 2015, the court concluded that the ALJ erred as a matter of law and remanded the case for an award of benefits. (Doc. # 14 at 13 & 24).

A Social Security disability claimant is a prevailing party entitled to seek EAJA fees when the claimant obtains a remand for reconsideration of her case or an award of benefits. See Shala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 300-01 (1993). Clearly, the plaintiff is a prevailing party.

Under the EAJA, the court "shall award" attorney's fees "unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). See also Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 796 (2002). "The government's position is substantially justified under the EAJA when it is justified to a degree that would satisfy a reasonable person - i.e. when it has a reasonable basis in both law and fact. The government bears the burden of showing that its position was substantially justified." United States v. Douglas, 55 F.3d 584, 588 (11th Cir. 1995) (quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988)).

The court concluded that a remand for an award of benefits was necessary because the decision of the ALJ was "not supported by substantial evidence and [was] not consistent with applicable legal principles." (Doc. # 14 at 13). In fact, the court concluded that "[t]he ALJ's representation of the record and her factual findings are fundamentally flawed, totally unsupported by the record, and inconsistent with the governing legal principles." (Id. at 14) Thus, the Commissioner's position in this litigation did not have a reasonable basis in fact or law. Pierce requires that the government's position be reasonable both in fact and law to be substantially justified.

The Commissioner argues that the plaintiff is not entitled to fees because "[g]iven that the issue is whether the ALJ's decision was arguably supported by substantial evidence, the Commissioner's position was substantially justified." (Doc. # 19 at 3). Beyond this conclusory statement, the Commissioner points the court to no evidence and makes no other argument that her position was substantially justified. Consequently, the court concludes that the Commissioner's position was not reasonable in fact or law, and the plaintiff is entitled to an award of fees under EAJA.

The plaintiff seeks fees in the amount of $3, 290.69. The Commissioner does not challenge any of the hours expended by counsel as unreasonable nor does she challenge the hourly rate. Accordingly, upon consideration of the motion, and for good cause, it is

ORDERED that the motion for attorney's fees (doc. # 16) be and is hereby GRANTED to the extent that the plaintiff be and is hereby AWARDED fees in the amount of $3, 290.69.

2. To the extent that plaintiff's counsel requests that fees be awarded directly to counsel, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A) authorizes the court to award fees to the prevailing party.[2] See 28 U.S.C. § (d)(2)(B). The motion that fees be paid directly to counsel be and is hereby DENIED. However, the Commissioner is DIRECTED to mail the check to Barefoot's counsel.

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