United States District Court, N.D. Alabama, Middle Division
March 18, 2015
PATRICIA HOLLAND, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner, Social Security Administration, Defendant.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS, District Judge.
Plaintiff Patricia Holland ("Holland") initiated this social security appeal on February 23, 2014. (Doc. 1). Magistrate Judge John England filed a report and recommendation ("R&R") on January 13, 2015, recommending that the Commissioner's decision be affirmed. (Doc. 17). No objections were filed by January 27, 2015, the deadline set in the magistrate's recommendation in accord with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2). ( See Doc. 17 at 20-21). However, on January 28, 2015, Holland filed objections (Doc. 19) along with a motion for additional time to file objections. (Doc. 18).
The case was randomly reassigned to the undersigned judge on January 29, 2015. The Commissioner responded to Holland's objections on February 9, 2015. (Doc. 21). Holland then filed a reply brief on February 13, 2015. (Doc. 22). The matter, therefore, is now under submission, and for the reasons explained below, the court OVERRULES Holland's objections, and ACCEPTS the R&R in its entirety. Consequently, the Commissioner's decision is due to be AFFIRMED.
A. Social Security Appeals
The court's review of the Commissioner's decision is narrowly circumscribed. The function of this court is to determine whether the decision of the Commissioner is supported by substantial evidence and whether proper legal standards were applied. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 390 (1971); Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219, 1221 (11th Cir. 2002). This court must "scrutinize the record as a whole to determine if the decision reached is reasonable and supported by substantial evidence." Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239 (11th Cir. 1983). This court will determine that the ALJ's opinion is supported by substantial evidence if it finds "such relevant evidence as a reasonable person would accept as adequate to support a conclusion." Id. Substantial evidence is "more than a scintilla, but less than a preponderance." Id. Factual findings that are supported by substantial evidence must be upheld by the court. The ALJ's legal conclusions, however, are reviewed de novo, because no presumption of validity attaches to the ALJ's determination of the proper legal standards to be applied. Davis v. Shalala, 985 F.2d 528, 531 (11th Cir. 1993). If the court finds an error in the ALJ's application of the law, or if the ALJ fails to provide the court with sufficient reasoning for determining that the proper legal analysis has been conducted, the ALJ's decision must be reversed. Cornelius v. Sullivan, 936 F.2d 1143, 1145-46 (11th Cir. 1991).
B. District Court Review of Report and Recommendation
After conducting a "careful and complete" review of the findings and recommendations, a district judge may accept, reject, or modify the magistrate judge's report and recommendation. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) ("A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge."); Williams v. Wainwright, 681 F.2d 732 (11th Cir. 1982) (quoting Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404, 408 (5th Cir. 1982), overruled on other grounds by Douglass v. United Services Auto. Ass'n, 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996)). The district judge may also receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
A district judge "shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This requires that the district judge "give fresh consideration to those issues to which specific objection has been made by a party." Jeffrey S. v. State Bd. of Educ., 896 F.2d 507, 512 (11th Cir. 1990) (citing H.R. Rep. No. 94-1609, 94th Cong., 2d Sess., reprinted in 1976 U.S. Code Cong. & Admin. News 6162, 6163). In contrast, those portions of the R&R to which no objection is made need only be reviewed for clear error. Macort v. Prem, Inc., 208 F.Appx. 781, 784 (11th Cir. 2006).
"Neither the Constitution nor the statute requires a district judge to review, de novo, findings and recommendations that the parties themselves accept as correct." United States v. Woodard, 387 F.3d 1329, 1334 (11th Cir. 2004) (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003)). It is incumbent upon the parties to timely raise any objections that they may have regarding a magistrate judge's findings contained in a report and recommendation, as the failure to do so subsequently waives or abandons the issue, even if such matter was presented at the magistrate judge level. See, e.g., United States v. Pilati, 627 F.3d 1360 at 1365 (11th Cir. 2010) ("While Pilati raised the issue of not being convicted of a qualifying offense before the magistrate judge, he did not raise this issue in his appeal to the district court. Thus, this argument has been waived or abandoned by his failure to raise it on appeal to the district court."). However, the district judge has discretion to consider or to decline to consider arguments that were not raised before the magistrate judge. Stephens v. Tolbert, 471 F.3d 1173, 1176 (11th Cir. 2006); see also Williams v. McNeil, 557 F.3d 1287, 1292 (11th Cir. 2009) ("Thus, we answer the question left open in Stephens and hold that a district court has discretion to decline to consider a party's argument when that argument was not first presented to the magistrate judge.").
"Parties filing objections must specifically identify those findings objected to. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections need not be considered by the district court." Nettles, 677 F.2d at 410 n.8. "This rule facilitates the opportunity for district judges to spend more time on matters actually contested and produces a result compatible with the purposes of the Magistrates Act." Id. at 410. Indeed, a contrary rule "would effectively nullify the magistrate judge's consideration of the matter and would not help to relieve the workload of the district court." Williams, 557 F.3d at 1292 (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting United States v. Howell, 231 F.3d 615, 622 (9th Cir. 2000)).
Holland asserts four objections to the magistrate's R&R:
1. The Denial Was Not Based on Substantial Evidence
2. The ALJ Substituted His Opinion for the Opinions of Dr. Go, Dr. Wilson, Dr. Prince and Dave Harvey, L.C.S.W.
3. The Finding that Claimant Could Perform Past Work Was Not Based on Substantial Evidence and the ALJ Utilized the Wrong Standard
4. Claimant Meets Listing 12.04 and 12.06
(Doc. 19 at 2). However, each of these arguments is simply copied verbatim from her brief in support of disability (Doc. 10), filed before the magistrate's R&R was issued. The only way in which Holland addresses specific findings of the R&R is to state "Plaintiff objects to the following statements in the Recommendation..." followed by several excerpts from the R&R. (Doc. 19 at 2).
A party objecting to an R&R may not simply restate the arguments previously presented:
A general objection, or one that merely restates the arguments previously presented[, ] is not sufficient to alert the court to alleged errors on the part of the magistrate judge. An "objection" that does nothing more than state a disagreement with a magistrate's suggested resolution, or simply summarizes what has been presented before, is not an "objection" as that term is used in this context. A party who files timely objections to a magistrate's report in order to preserve the right to appeal must be mindful of the purpose of such objections: to provide the district court "with the opportunity to consider the specific contentions of the parties and to correct any errors immediately." [ U.S. v. ] Walters, 638 F.2d  at 949-50 [(6th Cir. 1981)]. The Supreme Court upheld this rule in Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 106 S.Ct. 466, 88 L.Ed.2d 435 (1985), a habeas corpus case. The Supreme Court noted that "[t]he filing of objections to a magistrate's report enables the district judge to focus attention on those issues-factual and legal-that are at the heart of the parties' dispute." Id. at 147, 106 S.Ct. 466 (footnote omitted).
VanDiver v. Martin, 304 F.Supp.2d 934, 937-938 (E.D. Mich. 2004) (emphasis added). Because Holland does not respond to any findings of the R&R in her "Objection to Report and Recommendation" - she merely quotes sections of the R&R, states that she objects to them, and then copies verbatim sections of her previous brief - none of her arguments meet the standard for objections. ( See Doc. 19).
Furthermore, none of her four objections even contain a developed argument. The first objection - that the ALJ's denial was not based on substantial evidence - simply quotes Holland's previous brief's (inaccurate) summary of the ALJ's credibility determinations, cites two Eleventh Circuit cases dealing with vocational expert testimony, and makes the conclusory assertion that the vocational expert testimony is contrary to the evidence. (Doc. 19 at 4). Her second objection is similar. Holland cites the general legal standard for assigning weight to a treating physician's opinion, conclusorily asserts that the ALJ did not have adequate reasons for his determinations, and then repeats her previous brief's meager descriptions of the ALJ's determinations. ( Id. at 4-5). In neither of these first two objections does Holland make any effort to apply the law to the facts of her case to explain why she believes the ALJ's findings were in error.
The third and fourth objections are even less developed. Holland's third objection simply summarizes holdings from several Eleventh Circuit cases, and does not mention any facts from her own case. (Doc. 19 at 5). Conversely, her fourth objection merely reproduces portions of her medical history. ( Id. at 6-8). In neither of these objections does she make even a single reference to the ALJ's findings or the R&R. Therefore, not only do her objections fail to respond to the R&R, as required by law, they also fail to develop any argument at all.
Having carefully reviewed and considered de novo all the materials in the court file, including the report and recommendation, the Court is of the opinion that the magistrate judge's report is due to be and is hereby ADOPTED and his recommendation is ACCEPTED. The Court EXPRESSLY FINDS that there is substantial evidence for the Commissioner's decision and that the decision applied the proper legal standards. Accordingly, the Commissioner's decision is due to be AFFIRMED. A final judgment will be entered separately.
DONE and ORDERED.