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White v. Colvin

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

March 9, 2015

TERRY WHITE, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Social Security Commissioner, Defendant.


BERT W. MILLING, Jr., Magistrate Judge.

In this action under 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) and 1383(c)(3), Plaintiff seeks judicial review of an adverse social security ruling denying claims for disability insurance benefits and Supplemental Security Income (hereinafter SSI ) (Docs. 1, 13). The parties filed written consent and this action has been referred to the undersigned Magistrate Judge to conduct all proceedings and order judgment in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 73 ( see Doc. 21). Oral argument was waived in this action (Doc. 19). After considering the administrative record and the memoranda of the parties, it is ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner be AFFIRMED and that this action be DISMISSED.

This Court is not free to reweigh the evidence or substitute its judgment for that of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239 (11th Cir. 1983), which must be supported by substantial evidence. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971). Substantial evidence requires "that the decision under review be supported by evidence sufficient to justify a reasoning mind in accepting it; it is more than a scintilla, but less than a preponderance." Brady v. Heckler, 724 F.2d 914, 918 (11th Cir. 1984), quoting Jones v. Schweiker, 551 F.Supp. 205 (D. Md. 1982).

At the time of the administrative hearing, White was forty-eight years old, had completed an eleventh-grade special education (Tr. 35, 54) and had previous work experience as a construction worker (Doc. 13). Plaintiff alleges disability due to depression, hypertension, mental retardation, lumbar degenerative disc disease, prostatic hypertrophy, post-fracture left leg, poor hearing in left ear, weakness in the left hand, obesity, pain disorder, and somatoform disorder (Doc. 13).

The Plaintiff applied for SSI and disability benefits on July 6 and 13, 2011, respectively, asserting a disability onset date of December 24, 2008 (Tr. 173-85; see also Tr. 24). An Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) denied benefits, determining that although White could not now perform his past relevant work, there were specific light-work jobs that he could do (Tr. 24-39). Plaintiff requested review of the hearing decision (Tr. 15-20), but the Appeals Council denied it (Tr. 1-6).

Plaintiff claims that the opinion of the ALJ is not supported by substantial evidence. Specifically, White alleges that: (1) He meets the requirements of Listing 12.05C; (2) the ALJ's residual functional capacity (hereinafter RFC ) evaluation is flawed because it does not take into consideration the combination of his impairments; (3) the ALJ failed to complete a Psychiatric Review Technique Form (hereinafter PRTF ) in his analysis; and (4) the ALJ relied on mistaken testimony from the vocational expert (hereinafter VE ) (Doc. 14). Defendant has responded to-and denies-these claims (Doc. 15). A summary of the relevant record evidence follows.

On June 19, 2005, White was admitted to UAB Hospital following his involvement, as a pedestrian, in a motor vehicle accident; he was admitted with third-degree burns of the left lateral thigh and leg and fourth and fifth right fingers (Tr. 258-66). Plaintiff was discharged on July 12 following pin placement in his left femur, skin grafts, and wound, physical, and occupational therapy; he was stable, but restricted from heavy lifting and strenuous exercise.

Six years later, on August 22, 2011, Dr. Stephen J. Robidoux, a Family Practitioner, examined Plaintiff who stated that he had worked through 2008 at which time he was laid off (Tr. 268-72). The Doctor noted that he was an alert, obese-but very muscular-man, in no distress; Plaintiff exhibited normal heel and toe, unaided gait and was able to squat and rise. After providing range of motion (hereinafter ROM ) measurements for White's neck, back, and all extremities, Dr. Robidoux diagnosed hypertension and found as follows: "He related a vague history of back, arm and ear problem that has not required medical evaluation of treatment.... I find no limitations for his age to sitting, standing, walking, lifting, carrying, climbing, bending, stooping, crawling, handling objects, using hand and foot controls or travel" (Tr. 271).

On August 30, 2011, Psychologist Nina E. Tocci provided a mental evaluation at the request of the Social Security Administration, finding Plaintiff normal, stable, with appropriate affect, and oriented in four spheres (Tr. 274-77). He had fair attention, scattered concentration, and demonstrated a good fund of information, comprehension, and thought content appropriate to mood and circumstance; White showed fair social judgment and some insight into his behavior. Tocci concluded that Plaintiff was functioning within the average range of intellectual ability. The Psychologist diagnosed pain disorder, assigned a GAF score of 70, [1] and indicated a fair progress for the Claimant. Tocci indicated that some of White's "responses appeared deliberately contrived and he tended to exaggerate the pain" (Tr. 276). In conclusion, the Psychologist stated that "[h]is issues appear to be orthopedic in nature and therefore his ability to work would need to be determined by a physician. Other than the experience of pain, he does not appear to have other mental health issues that would interfere with his ability to work" (Tr. 276).

On September 28, 2011, an x-ray noted "[d]egenerative changes [] present at multiple levels in the lumbar spine, involving the right sacroiliac joint" (Tr. 301).

White was seen on September 23 and November 18, 2011 at the Choctaw Urgent Care for complaints of left leg and longstanding, intermittent back pain that he rated at a level eight on a ten-point scale (Tr. 280-84). On the first exam, he experienced back stiffness and pain in his back bending laterally, forward, and in rotation; gait was normal and Plaintiff had the ability to change positions smoothly. There was no increased lumbar lordosis, though there was sacroiliac joint and paraspinal muscle tenderness. Uncontrolled, chronic back pain and hypertension were diagnosed; ordinary activity was recommended. Ultram[2] was prescribed. At the November examination, White stated that the medication was helping his pain; the attending doctor noted that his impairments were now controlled (Tr. 283).

On January 9, 2013, Psychologist Donald W. Blanton examined White for complaints of back, left shoulder, and left leg pain though he indicated he had anxiety and depression since his brother killed his mother (Tr. 287-92). The Psychologist noted that thoughts and conversation were logical; associations were intact. Affect was flat and appropriate and no confusion was noted; no psychomotor retardation was noted. White was alert and oriented in four spheres; judgment was good for work and financial decision-making. Blanton administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition (hereinafter WAIS-IV ), on which Plaintiff scored a verbal IQ of 63, a perceptual reasoning IQ of 71, a working memory IQ of 69, a processing speed IQ of 74, and a full scale IQ score of 63; this was indicated to be in the mild range of mental retardation. White also completed the Wide Range Achievement Test, Revised Third Edition, indicating a reading and spelling ability of second grade and math comprehension at the fourth-grade level. Blanton did not administer the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory because of Plaintiff's "combination of [] poor intellect and poor reading ability" (Tr. 288). The Beck Inventory indicated moderate depression. The Psychologist indicated that the WAIS scores were a valid assessment of White's intellectual functioning, noting that the academic achievement test found him functionally illiterate. Blanton indicated that he demonstrated "deficits in adaptive functioning manifested prior to age 22 due to his mental retardation in the following areas: communication, work, use of community resources, functional academic skills;" he assigned a GAF score of 50[3] (Tr. 288). The Psychologist also completed a mental medical source opinion indicating that White was mildly limited in his ability to understand, remember, and carry out simple instructions, respond appropriately to customers, and use judgment in simple, one- or two-step work-related decisions; he was moderately limited in responding appropriately to supervision and co-workers, dealing with changes in his routine, maintaining attention, concentration or pace for two-hour periods, and maintaining daily activities; and was markedly limited in his ability to understand, remember, carry out, and use judgment in detailed or complex instructions and respond to customary work pressures (Tr. 291-92). Blanton found that Plaintiff's personal habits and interests would mildly deteriorate, that White had been depressed for a year, that his pain was real, and that work stress would cause his condition to deteriorate; however, he could manage his own benefits.

On April 4, 2012, Dr. Katherine Hensleigh examined Plaintiff for complaints of back pain and nervousness, finding abdominal tenderness and lumbar muscle spasm with moderate pain on motion (Tr. 295-97). Tramadol[4] was prescribed.

The ALJ faithfully summarized the evidence before him, [5] finding that White could perform specific light jobs; in reaching that decision, he weighted greatly the reports of Psychologist Tocci and Doctor Robidoux, credited the VE's testimony, and dismissed Blanton's opinions (Tr. 37-39). The ALJ gave no credit to Plaintiff's testimony of pain and limitation (Tr. ...

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