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Brown v. United States

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

February 10, 2015

DANIEL DWIGHT BROWN, Petitioner
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent. Civil No. 14-144-KD

ORDER

KRISTI K. DuBOSE, District Judge.

This action is before the Court on the Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 ("the Petition") (Doc. 75)[1] filed by Petitioner Daniel Dwight Brown ("Brown"), a federal prisoner proceeding pro se [2] and the Government's Response in opposition (Doc. 78). The record is adequate to determine Brown's claims; no evidentiary hearing is required. Upon consideration, the Court finds that the Petition is due to be DENIED, that this action is due to be DISMISSED with prejudice.[3]

I. Analysis

a. Petition Claim

Following a jury trial, Brown was convicted of, among other things, possessing with the intent to distribute a mixture weighting 500 grams or more, which contained a detectable amount of methamphetamine. Brown primarily argues that his trial counsel was ineffective for failing to raise a defense regarding the weight of the methamphetamine mixture; that is, the "net" weight of the mixture - derived by subtracting the weight of any non-consumable manufacturing by-product - did not meet the 500 gram threshold. For the reasons set forth in the Government's response (Doc. 78), which the Court ADOPTS as its own reasoning, [4] the Court finds that Brown is due no relief on the claims in the Petition. Specifically, Brown's ineffective assistance of counsel claims are without merit and his arguments pertaining to the weight of the mixture were previously appealed to and rejected by the Eleventh Circuit. (Doc. 72). Therefore, the Court finds that Brown's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (Doc. 75) is due to be DENIED and this action DISMISSED with prejudice.

The Court acknowledges that the Petition states that Brown's counsel did not, "visit[] [him] enough to build a defense" (Doc. 75 at 6), which is addressed by the Government in footnote 1 on page 10 of the Government's Response (Doc. 78). As noted by the Government, this claim is unsupported by any facts or law and is due to be denied. See Wilson v. United States, 962 F.2d 996, 998 (11th Cir. 1992) ("Conclusory allegations of ineffective assistance are insufficient.") (internal quotations and citation omitted); see also Chandler v. McDonough, 471 F.3d 1360, 1363 (11th Cir. 2006) (conclusory allegations "are not enough to warrant an evidentiary hearing in the absence of any specific factual proffer or evidentiary support.").

Further, "the Sixth Amendment does not guarantee [Brown] the right to an attorney who is constantly at his beck and call, and who will come see him at the jail to talk about his case any time he wishes." United States v. Graves, No. CIV. 06-0178-WS-B, 2007 WL 3232178, at *6 (S.D. Ala. Oct. 30, 2007)(citing generally Chandler v. United States, 218 F.3d 1305, 1314 n. 14 (11th Cir. 2000) (Holding that in examining ineffective assistance claims, "courts must recognize that counsel does not enjoy the benefit of unlimited time and resources."). Brown has not argued or shown that his attorney's alleged failure to visit him with the desired frequency prejudiced him in any way.

b. Certificate of Appealability and motion to proceed in forma pauperis

Pursuant to Rule 11(a) of the Federal Rules Governing § 2255 Proceedings, the Court "must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the applicant." "Unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability, an appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from... the final order in a proceeding under section 2255." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B). A certificate of appealability may issue only where "the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2243(c)(2). "[A] COA does not require a showing that the appeal will succeed." Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 337 (2003). Rather, "[a] prisoner seeking a COA must prove something more than the absence of frivolity or the existence of mere good faith on his or her part. [The Court] do[es] not require petitioner to prove, before the issuance of a COA, that some jurists would grant the petition for habeas corpus. Indeed, a claim can be debatable even though every jurist of reason might agree, after the COA has been granted and the case has received full consideration, that petitioner will not prevail." Id. at 338 (internal citation and quotations omitted). "Where a district court has rejected the constitutional claims on the merits, the showing required to satisfy § 2253(c) is straightforward: The petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong." Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000).

Upon consideration, the Court finds that no reasonable jurist would find its assessment of the constitutional claims presented debatable or wrong. Accordingly, Brown is not entitled to a Certificate of Appealability in this action.

"An appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial court certifies in writing that it is not taken in good faith." 28 U.S.C.A. § 1915(a)(3). A district court's finding "that an appeal would not be in good faith because no certificate of appealability had been issued... is not enough to explain why the appeal on the merits would not be in good faith, because the standard governing the issuance of a certificate of appealability is not the same as the standard for determining whether an appeal is in good faith. It is more demanding... [T]o determine that an appeal is in good faith, a court need only find that a reasonable person could suppose that the appeal has some merit." Walker v. O'Brien, 216 F.3d 626, 631-32 (7th Cir. 2000). See also Weaver v. Patterson, Civ. A. No. 11-00152-WS-N, 2012 WL 2568218, at *7 (S.D. Ala. June 19, 2012) (Nelson, M.J.), report and recommendation adopted, Civ. A. No. 11-00152-WS-N, 2012 WL 2568093 (S.D.Ala. July 3, 2012) (Steele, C.J.) ("An appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial court certifies in writing that the appeal is not taken in good faith. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3); see Fed. R.App. P. 24(a)(3)(A); Lee v. Clinton, 209 F.3d 1025, 1026 (7th Cir. 2000) (concluding that good faith' is an objective concept' and that not taken in good faith' is a synonym for frivolous'); DeSantis v. United Techs, Corp., 15 F.Supp.2d 1285, 1288-89 (M.D.Fla.1998) (stating that good faith must be judged by an objective, not a subjective, standard' and that an appellant demonstrates good faith when he seeks appellate review of any issue that is not frivolous'). An appeal filed in forma pauperis is frivolous if it appears that the Plaintiff has little to no chance of success, ' meaning that the factual allegations are clearly baseless or that the legal theories are indisputably meritless.' Carroll v. Gross, 984 F.2d 392, 393 (11th Cir. 1993).").

Upon consideration, the Court finds and certifies that any appeal by Brown in this action would be without merit and therefore not taken in good faith. Accordingly, Brown is not entitled to appeal in forma pauperis.

II. Conclusion

In accordance with the foregoing analysis, it is ORDERED that Brown's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (Doc. 75) is DENIED and that this action is DISMISSED with prejudice. It is further ORDERED that Brown is not entitled to a Certificate of Appealability or to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. Final judgment in accordance with this Order and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 58 shall issue by separate document.

DONE and ORDERED.


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