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Rachel v. City of Mobile

United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division

February 2, 2015

AMY RACHEL, etc., Plaintiff,
v.
CITY OF MOBILE, ALABAMA, et al., Defendants.

ORDER

WILLIAM H. STEELE, Chief District Judge.

The plaintiff and defendant City of Mobile ("the City") have filed a stipulation of dismissal of Count One (which is asserted only against the City). (Doc. 104). The stipulation invokes Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(ii). While Rule 41(a)(1) can be used to dismiss all claims against less than all defendants, it cannot be used to dismiss less than all claims against a defendant. Klay v. United Healthgroup, Inc., 376 F.3d 1092, 1106 (11th Cir. 2004) ("Rule 41 allows a plaintiff to dismiss all of his claims against a particular defendant; its text does not permit plaintiffs to pick and choose, dismissing only particular claims within an action.").[1] Because the City would remain a defendant under Count Four, (Doc. 41 at 16-18), the stipulation of dismissal as to Count One is legally ineffective. Accordingly, the City remains a party to Count One despite the stipulation.[2]

The plaintiff and defendant Michael Williams have also filed a stipulation, pursuant to which the action against Chief Williams would be dismissed with prejudice. (Doc. 105). The stipulation invokes Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(ii). Because the stipulation is not "signed by all parties who have appeared, " id., it is ineffective as a stipulation. However, the Court construes the stipulation as a motion to dismiss Chief Williams pursuant to Rule 41(a)(2). The ...


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