United States District Court, S.D. Alabama, Southern Division
September 19, 2014
MARVIN LOUIS ADAMS, Petitioner,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent. Civil Action No. 14-00131-CG-M
CALLIE V.S. GRANADE, District Judge
This matter is before the court on the report and recommendation of the magistrate judge (Doc. 112) and the objection of Petitioner to the report and recommendation (Doc. 115). The magistrate judge recommended that Petitioner's § 2255 petition be dismissed as time-barred. Upon a de novo review of those portions of the report and recommendation to which objection is made, the court agrees with the findings of the magistrate judge and finds that Adams' petition (Doc. 107) is due to be dismissed as time-barred, as Adams fails to satisfy the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3).
The magistrate judge found Adams' petition to be time-barred because Adams filed his petition on March 3, 2014, more than one year after his sentence became final on October 12, 2010, and neither the Supreme Court's ruling in Alleyne v. United States , 133 S.Ct. 2151, 186 L.Ed.2d 314 (2013) or Descamps v. United States , 133 S.Ct. 2276, 186 L.Ed.2d 438 (2013) established a right that "has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively application to cases on collateral review" such that Adams' untimely petition could be considered on the merits. Adams objects to the magistrate judge's findings and asserts that the magistrate judge improperly determined that Descamps could not be applied retroactively to restart his expired statutory limitations period. Specifically, Adams argues that the magistrate judge should have applied the test established in Teague v. Lane , 489 U.S. 288, 109 S.Ct. 1060, 103 L.Ed.2d 334 (1989) to determine whether Descamps could be applied retroactively, and that the Government's failure to address whether Descamps could be applied retroactively amounts to a waiver regarding the timeliness of his petition. The Court disagrees.
The magistrate judge properly found that Adams' sentence became final on October 12, 2010, and that Adams had until October 12, 2011 to have timely filed his § 2255 petition. (Doc. 112 at 4). Additionally, the magistrate judge properly found that Descamps was inapplicable to Adams' case and did not restart his expired statutory limitation period. Despite Adams' attempt to persuade the Court otherwise, the Supreme Court did not make the principles announced in Descamps retroactive to cases on collateral review.See Simpson v. United States , 721 F.3d 875, 876 (7th Cir. 2013) ("The declaration of retroactivity must come from the Justices.").
Moreover, application of the Teague test further confirms that Descamps does not apply retroactively on collateral view. Pursuant to Teague, "a new rule of constitutional procedure decided after a defendant's conviction becomes final generally may not be applied to that defendant's case on collateral review." Monroe v. United States , 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 168904, *5, (N.D. Tex. Oct. 23, 2013) (citing Teague v. Lane , 489 U.S. 288, 310-311, 109 S.Ct. 1060, 103 L.Ed.2d 334 (1989)). "While there are two exceptions to Teague, ... Descamps [does not] fall within them." Id . (citing Schriro v. Summerlin , 542 U.S. 348, 124 S.Ct. 2519, 159 L.Ed.2d 442 (2004) (summarizing Teague's non-retroactivity rule)). Descamps did not announced a new substantive rule that places any individual conduct beyond the power of the United States to punish, or that prohibits the imposition of any type of punishment. Schriro , 542 U.S. at 352. Also, the principles clarified in Descamps do not quality as a "watershed rule of criminal procedure, implicating the fundamental fairness and accuracy of the criminal proceeding." Id . Therefore, because Descamps does not meet either of the Teague exceptions, Descamps does not apply retroactively.
Additionally, although Adams challenges the analysis employed by the magistrate judge in the determination that Descamps cannot be applied retroactively on collateral review, Adams fails to address the additional requirement of 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3) - his assertion of a right that has been "newly recognized" by the Supreme Court. Rather than establish a new right, Descamps merely clarified existing law concerning the approach sentencing courts may apply when determining whether an underlying conviction qualifies as a predicate offense under the Armed Career Criminal Act. Harr v. United States, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 58692, *8, 2014 WL 1674085, *3 (C.D. Ill. Apr. 28, 2014) ("Descamps did not announce a new rule, but rather reaffirmed existing Supreme Court precedent while rejecting the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal's departure from established Supreme Court caselaw.").
Because the Court concludes that Descamps may not be applied retroactively on collateral review and Descamps did not establish a newly recognized right, § 2255(f)(3) is inapplicable to Adams' petition. The magistrate judge properly found that Adams' § 2255 petition is clearly outside of the one-year statutory limitation period and is due to be dismissed as time-barred.
After due and proper consideration of all portions of this file deemed relevant to the issues raised, and a de novo determination of those portions of the report and recommendation to which objection is made, the report and recommendation of the magistrate judge made under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) is ADOPTED as the opinion of this court, with the addition of the comments made herein.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Respondent's Motion to Dismiss (Doc. 109) is GRANTED, Petitioner's Motion to Vacate (Doc. 107) is DENIED, and that this action is DISMISSED. It is further ORDERED that any certificate of appealability filed by Petitioner shall DENIED as he is not entitled to appeal in forma pauperis.
DONE and ORDERED.