Appeal from Limestone Circuit Court. (DR-81-21.04). George T. Craig, TRIAL JUDGE.
Released For Publication February 20, 1996.
Beatty, Retired Justice. All the Judges concur.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Beatty
The State, on behalf of Ann Simmons Dunnavant (now known as Ann Simmons), appeals from a judgment modifying an earlier child support order. We affirm in part, reverse in part, and remand.
Ann Simmons Dunnavant and Thomas Dunnavant were divorced in 1981. The divorce judgment awarded custody of their two children to the mother and ordered the father to pay child support. In 1989, the parents jointly petitioned the court for a modification of the judgment. The resulting amended judgment awarded custody of the son to the father, continued custody of the daughter with the mother, and reduced the child support paid by the father to $800 per month. The mother was not required to pay child support. Both parents were required to maintain medical insurance on both children, with the father's policy providing primary coverage for the son and the mother's policy providing primary coverage for the daughter.
In September 1993, the father petitioned the court to modify the amended divorce judgment by decreasing his child support payments, requiring the mother to pay child support also, and requiring the mother to maintain life insurance with the children as beneficiaries. The father also filed a motion asking that the mother be held in contempt for having failed to provide medical insurance coverage for the children. In July 1994, the mother counterclaimed, asking that the divorce judgment be modified to relieve her of the obligation of providing health insurance for the children and asking that the father be held in contempt for having failed to pay all of the child support previously ordered by the court.
After a hearing in August 1994, during which evidence was presented ore tenus, the trial court found that the father's income had decreased, constituting a material change in circumstances; concluded that the mother should be required to pay child support to the father; and imputed income to the mother of $2,000 per month. The court entered a judgment that ordered the mother to pay child support of $297 per month, to be offset against child support due from the father; ordered the father's child support decreased to $433 per month; ordered the father to pay $136 per month to the clerk of the court; ordered the father to provide health insurance for both children and provided for payment of expenses not covered by insurance; and ordered the mother to maintain life insurance. The judgment further provided that the modification of the father's child support obligation was retroactive to September 1993, and, therefore, based upon the modified child support obligations for both parents, the court concluded that the father was not in arrears in child support payments. The trial court found neither parent in contempt. Both parents filed post-judgment motions. The trial court granted a request by the Department of Human Resources, on behalf of the mother, to have the father's child support payments paid to the Department instead of the clerk of the court, but it denied all other relief requested.
The mother raises two issues on appeal. She contends that the trial court failed to comply with Alabama's Child Support Guidelines, Rule 32, Ala. R. Jud. Admin. ("the guidelines"), and that the trial court abused its discretion in finding no arrearage in child support.
We first address the trial court's compliance with the guidelines. The mother argues that, because all of the forms required by the guidelines were not filed in this case, the trial court neither complied with the guidelines nor followed the mandates of this court. We agree. In Martin v. Martin, 637 So. 2d 901 (Ala. Civ. App. 1994), this court issued the following directive:
"We hold, therefore, that the word 'shall' in Rule 32(E), Ala. R. Jud. Admin., mandates the filing of a standardized Child Support Guidelines Form and a Child Support Obligation Income Statement/Affidavit Form.... We further hold that stipulated cases ... are the only exceptions to the requirement of filing a child support guideline form and income affidavit forms...."
637 So. 2d at 902. The concept of "substantial compliance" with the guidelines, argued by the father, was clearly rejected in Martin.
The only guideline form properly completed, signed, and filed in this case was an income affidavit from the father that he filed in connection with his post-judgment motion. On remand, fully completed and signed income affidavits, Form CS-41, must be obtained and filed for both parents reflecting their circumstances as of the time the child support calculations are made. The trial court must also file a fully completed and signed child support calculation form, Form CS-42. In cases of split custody, such as this, two calculation forms may be necessary in order to comply with the requirement now imposed by Rule 32(B)(9) *fn1 that support be computed that would be owed by each parent before subtracting the lesser obligation from the greater.
This court also pointed out in Martin that inherent in complying with the guidelines is the necessity that a trial court make certain findings of fact required by the guidelines. For example, we noted in Martin that if the facts of a case supported a determination that application of the guidelines would be manifestly unjust or inequitable, compliance with the guidelines included the trial court's making the findings required by Rule 32(A)(ii). Likewise, in this case, if the trial court decides on remand to impute income again, compliance with the guidelines ...