Appeal from Calhoun Circuit Court. (CC-94-93 and CC-94-111). Samuel Monk, TRIAL JUDGE.
Released For Publication October 30, 1995. As Amended.
Taylor, Presiding Judge. All The Judges Concur.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Taylor
The appellant, Joe Lamar Rowe, was convicted of sodomy in the first degree, a violation of § 13A-6-63, Code of Alabama 1975, attempted rape in the first degree, violations of §§ 13A-4-2 and 13A-6-61, Code of Alabama 1975, attempted sodomy in the first degree, violations of §§ 13A-4-2 and 13A-6-63, Code of Alabama 1975, and kidnapping in the first degree, a violation of § 13A-6-43, Code of Alabama 1975. He was sentenced to 60 years in the penitentiary for his conviction on sodomy in the first degree, 20 years in the penitentiary for his conviction on attempted rape in the first degree, 20 years in the penitentiary for his conviction on attempted sodomy in the first degree, and 60 years in the penitentiary for his conviction on kidnapping in the first degree.
The state's evidence tended to show that on November 15, 1993, the appellant abducted S.N. and took her to an abandoned house where he raped and sodomized her. S.N. is a licensed practical nurse and at the time of the attack she was working as a nursing assistant for a home health care company in Anniston. She testified that at about 4:00 p.m. on the day of the crime she left a patient's home and was driving back to her office. She stopped at a red light and saw the appellant. She knew who he was because his mother was one of her patients. She testified that he walked up to the passenger door of her vehicle and asked her if she would give him a ride to his mother's house. She told him that she could not because she had to return to her office. She testified that he then opened the door, got into her car, and "pulled out" a knife. He put the knife to her side, grabbed her hair, and said, "You are going to drive me wherever I want to go." He told her to drive him to Hobson City, where his mother lived.
S.N. further testified that she had $300 or $400 in her coat pocket to pay a man who was painting her house. The appellant took the money. She testified that the appellant then told her that he was going to kill her at 5:00 p.m. Following his instructions, she drove to an abandoned house in Hobson City that belonged to the appellant's family. Holding the knife to her throat, the appellant forced her inside the house. She testified that he told her to take off her clothes and that it would take him about 30 minutes "to do what he was going to do." He also told her again that he was going to kill her because he knew that she would go to the police. She testified that she took off her clothes. He also told her to "take her hair down," which she did.
S.N. then testified that he made her lie down on a mattress. He then unzipped his pants and exposed his penis. He told her to get in a certain position that he said he had seen depicted in a pornographic magazine. He then had sexual intercourse with her. After a few minutes, he told her to get on "all fours" so he could attempt anal intercourse. She testified that he touched his penis to her anus but that he was unable to penetrate. He then knocked her arms out from under her and made her roll over on her back. She testified that he hit her in the nose. After he hit her he "had his mouth to my vagina and the knife was still at my side."
She told him that she needed to use the bathroom and he told her that she would have to urinate on the mattress. He told her he was "going to do it one more time and then kill [her]." However, she testified that he was having trouble maintaining an erection. She told him, "Well, maybe if you take your pants down to your knees and I can pull my legs up to my chest, maybe you can penetrate." She testified that he agreed and when he tried to penetrate, she pushed him with her feet. The appellant fell backwards into the corner of the room. She grabbed her clothes from beside the bed and ran out of the house and to her car. She drove to her office.
When she arrived at the office she told her co-workers that she had been robbed, but she did not tell them immediately that she had been raped. Someone at her office called the Anniston Police Department. Officer Travis Bentley responded to the call and took a statement from her.
Later that evening, S.N. and her son, Robert, were driving to a restaurant in Oxford when they saw the appellant. Robert jumped out the car and chased him. S.N. stopped the car and ran into a nearby business, where an employee called the police. A few minutes later, the appellant was arrested by the Oxford Police Department.
The next day, November 16, 1993, S.N. met with Investigator Tim Whatley and Investigator Pettus of the Anniston Police Department. She told them the details of what had occurred. Whatley obtained a search warrant for the house where the crime occurred. Whatley and Investigator Eddie Akers of the Anniston Police Department then executed the search warrant. Whatley testified that they seized several items, including a knife, a ponytail holder, a gold earring, a bank deposit slip, the business card of an attorney, three blankets from the bed, and a tube of cream.
The appellant raises four issues ...